This document provides technical guidance for the design of Forecast-based Financing (FbF) interventions. It has been developed from the lessons and experiences of several ongoing pilot projects, making this manual a living document that will be updated on a regular basis. 

The target audience for this document includes disaster risk managers, meteorologists, hydrologists and people working in other disciplines that are involved in the design of FbF mechanisms. This manual will be used by governments, humanitarian and development organizations.  

Each of the guides of the manual offer a set of general ideas for implementation of FbF interventions, they are mainly an advice and by no means a mandatory step by step process. Although they describe steps, the implementation of them will depend on the context they will be used in.  

It is divided into 7 sections, which can be accessed through the links below:

This Manual aims at providing guidance for the implementation of the Forecast-based Financing strategy for the German Red Cross, but also for the Red Cross Red Crescent movement and partners.

Many colleagues from the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, NGOs, UN agencies and academic institutions have giving advice, providing information, commenting on drafts and improving progressively this manual. 

Special thanks are due to the Peruvian Red Cross, Bangladesh Red Crescent, Uganda Red Cross, Mozambique Red Cross, Togolese Red Cross, Tanzania Red Cross and Ethiopian Red Cross for leading the implementation of Forecast-based Financing pilot projects, lessons and good practices from these projects have made this document possible.  

Expert reviews of drafts were also provided by colleagues from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), Start Network, World Food Programme (WFP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (WHH), World Vision, International Research Institute for Climate (IRI), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), University College London STEaPP (UCL), Reading University, Oxford University (Institute for Science, Innovation and Society) and University of Lugano, among others.

Download the full text as PDF file: